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Then I wished to know the truth about the fourth beast–which was different from all the others, exceedingly terrible and shocking, whose teeth were of iron and its nails of bronze, which devoured, broke and crushed, and trampled what was left with its feet–And about the ten horns [representing kings] that were on its head, and the other horn which came up later and before which three of [the horns] fell, the horn which had eyes and a mouth that spoke great things and which looked greater than the others. As I looked, this horn made war with the saints and prevailed over them Until the Ancient of Days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the Most High [God], and the time came when the saints possessed the kingdom. Thus [the angel] said, The fourth beast shall be a fourth kingdom on earth, which shall be different from all other kingdoms and shall devour the whole earth, tread it down, and break it in pieces and crush it. And as for the ten horns, out of this kingdom ten kings shall arise; and another shall arise after them, and he shall be different from the former ones, and he shall subdue and put down three kings. ~ Daniel 7:19-24, AMP

The turmoil happening theses days in Cairo has so many people searching the Internet for information about the prophesied end times and modern-day Egypt’s role in the events that lead up to the Second Coming of the Lord. The good news is that the end-time future of Egypt, Assyria and Israel, for example, is going to be glorious. These three nations for centuries have been enemies, but in a God-orchestrated ironic twist they all will be allies in an end time Messianic League (cf. Isaiah 19:24-25, AMP).

Likewise, people are interested in knowing about Edom, Moab, and Ammon, other ancient lands whose people, like the Egyptians, have had an adversarial history with Israel. People want to know the roles Edom, Moab, and Ammon play in the events that lead up to the Second Coming of Jesus the Christ. The good news is that, in the end times, instead of modern-day Edom, Moab, and Ammon receiving destruction right away for their part in the ten-nation confederacy of Psalm 83, they will share a safe place with a nation that they have vowed to destroy—Israel. When they rebel against the Little Horn/Antichrist, God does not let the Antichrist destroy these people. God, however, does allow him to divide (assign, distribute) their lands for a price—undivided loyalty (cf. Daniel 11:39, 41).

From Scriptures, it is apparent that the ten horns (nations/populations) are in the position of authority for the first three and a half years, or before the Antichrist declares himself God and begins to persecute the Messianic Jews. Indeed, the satanic, antichrist, and anti-Semitic spirit (manifested as Islam’s Caliphate and Sharia Law) are responsible for the authority the ten horns have before the Antichrist begins to function in the prophesied global leader position, which is apparent in Prophet Daniel’s description of the Little Horn rising up among the already risen ten horns, and uprooting three of them (cf. Daniel 7:8 and 20).

At some point during the first 3½ years (the first half of the 7-year Tribulation), the Antichrist presents himself as a global leader who is a man of peace. Indeed, we see his love of peace demonstrated by the peace treaty he signs with Israel (Daniel 9:27), and again during His rise to power, which is described as the Little Horn pushing up through the 10 horns, causing 3 of the 10 to be subdued (cf. Daniel 7:24). They are subdued but not destroyed, as here “subdued” means that the Antichrist brings these 3 ruling leaders (horns) under his control through the use of powerful persuasion or convincing intimidation rather than by war.

Nevertheless, the Antichrist takes away 3 of the 10 horns’ power, subdues them, and then divides up (assigns, distributes) their lands, for a price (loyalty) [cf. Daniel 11:39, 41]. Thus, the territories of the Edomites, Moabites, and Ammonites only will go to those rulers under the Antichrist who are not his antagonists.

Evidently, the Edomites, Moabites, and Ammonites change their allegiance. The reason why Satan allows Edom, Moab and Ammon (now modern-day Jordan) to become members of the 10-horn confederacy and share their power with the Antichrist is probably because the current king of Jordan, King Abdullah II, is the 43rd generation direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammad. Since Islam, which includes the Caliphate and Sharia Law, is the end-time religion, it is obvious that the Antichrist has to use Islam to gain control of the world and become the last human world leader. Thus, having a connection with rulers whose lineage can be traced back to the Prophet Muhammad, like King Abdullah II, gives the Antichrist an incredible influence in the world of Islam, as well as makes him the guardian of Islam’s holiest sites, including the Dome of the Rock (Masjid Qubbat As-Sakhrah) in Jerusalem and the Grand Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) in Mecca.

Furthermore, since the Antichrist is also Islamic, and the Muslims’ prophesied Mahdi, it only seems logical that he not only would have Jordan as one of his allies but also he would spare Jordan’s leaders (the Arabic leaders of Edom, Moab, and Ammon), if any Jordanian ruler is a member of Prophet Mohammad’s family. Personally, this writer believes the Antichrist doesn’t war against Edom, Moab and Ammon, because he still needs to appear as a man of peace, and because God is protecting them. Jordan always has been a place of peace and safety, and God’s people soon will need to be able to move freely through the Jordanian Wadi-Rum desert on their way to Petra, after the Antichrist breaks the treaty and wages war against them.

Now, it could be very possible that at the time of the Antichrist’s reign the rulers of Edom, Moab and Ammon will change their allegiance with the Antichrist, once they realize that they have different agendas. The Antichrist wants to control God and ultimately be Him by defeating the Lamb, but Edom, Moab and Ammon want to control and possess the land of Israel. These different agendas make it clear why the Antichrist would only want to promote those who fall in line behind him and the “god” he worships, which is why the Antichrist will divide up (assign, distribute) Edom, Moab, and Ammon to rulers who will be loyal to him.

Which is why in Revelation 17:16-18, there is now the image of the 10 horns (the original 7 plus 3 new ones who now rule over the lands of Edom, Moab, and Ammon [cf. Daniel 7:8, 20, 24 and 11:39]), the Beast, and possibly the False Prophet, who are now angry with the harlot of Babylon (angry that the harlot, the Caliphate, took the Antichrist’s economic, political and religious power with her when see moved from the Antichrist’s current capital of Jerusalem back to Mecca, where Islam, its Caliphate, and Sharia Law originated). It is clear that the Antichrist/Beast and the 10 horns are all working together to destroy the harlot of Babylon (the Caliphate, Islam, and city of Mecca [Babylon], the revived Babylon, which today is the center of Arabic culture, occult religion, economy, and politics).

By Revelation 17:16, it would seem that Satan completely has possessed the Antichrist and has given him the power and authority of the world’s nations, including the Antichrist’s Arabic 10-nation confederacy. Be that as it may, it is very clear that at this time something has happened that has changed the relationship the 10 horns, the Antichrist, and possibly the False Prophet have had with the harlot of Babylon, for they no longer have any use for the harlot, the woman who earlier is described as sitting on the scarlet Beast who has seven heads and 10 horns (cf. Revelation 17:3). So, they destroy her and then burn her city, which would include her sacred buildings and her precious resources (oil), thereby leaving her barren.

Moreover, the harlot’s destruction is an act that fulfills biblical prophecy. Apostle John writes:

And the ten horns that you saw, they and the beast will [be the very ones to] hate the harlot (the idolatrous woman); they will make her cheerless (bereaved, desolate), and they will strip her and eat up her flesh and utterly consume her with fire. For God has put it into their hearts to carry out His own purpose by acting in harmony in surrendering their royal power and authority to the beast, until the prophetic words (intentions and promises) of God shall be fulfilled. (Revelation 17:16-17, AMP; cf. Ezekiel 16:37 and 39; Revelation 18:8, 17 and 19)

Having said all that, the rest of the bad news is that Egypt, Edom, Moab, Ammon, and every other Gentile nation that has rebelled against God is going to be punished, including the seven consecutive kingdoms that have tried to destroy Israel—the Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian (the Lion/Iraq), Persian (the Bear/Iran), Grecian (the Leopard), Roman, and Ottoman Empires. These empires are the seven heads mentioned in Revelation chapters 12, 13 and 17.

For sure, these seven heads with ten horns are at once Apostle John’s scarlet Beast (the horrific eighth empire, the Dragon or Satan, and the Antichrist, which come out of the resurrected seventh kingdom). Furthermore, Apostle John’s eighth head/scarlet Beast, which is a composite of the successive seven ruling anti-Semitic kingdoms, equals Prophet Daniel’s fourth Beast. This Beast for so long has been the one that biblical prophecy scholars erroneously have declared would be a revived Roman Empire.

There are numerous reasons why the above-mentioned Beast cannot be a reincarnation of the Roman Empire, especially not where the European territories or western leg of that empire are concerned. The western leg disintegrated politically, economically, and militarily nearly a thousand years before the Ottoman Empire defeated the Byzantine Empire. Even though the eastern leg, which became known as the Eastern Roman Empire or the Byzantine Empire, centered around Constantinople/Byzantium/Istanbul located in Turkey, lasted until 1453, this portion of the Roman Empire also gradually declined politically. Additionally, the Byzantine Empire became isolated from the rest of Europe.

Consequently, the most important reason why there will not be a revival of the Roman Empire’s western or European leg is because Europe’s political and military world supremacy no longer exists. In fact, two World Wars, economic and political crises, individual European states’ defense budget cuts, and a loss in momentum for a united Europe are key factors that explain why Europe’s reign as the dominant political and military superpower has declined.

Now, since the biblical signs are pointing to the imminent return of Jesus the Christ, then the nearness of the Lord’s Second Coming means that, right now, Europe is way too weak, politically and militarily speaking, for it to become an overnight dominant global power. For sure, it would take far too many years before Europe could ever be in another world dominance position, if ever; indeed, not one country in Europe qualifies to be the rising Beast, for not one European country is currently strong enough to be considered a politically and militarily dominant world power.

Therefore, since Europe, Italy or even Rome’s present-day political and military factors indicate that most biblical prophecy scholars were wrong about an end time revived Roman Empire, then the question that should come to mind is: Who is the Prophet Daniel and Apostle John’s Beast? Once again, Apostle John’s head number eight and Prophet Daniel’s Beast number four are the Beast with seven heads and ten horns, and this Beast will be the Islamic Empire, which is the reincarnation of head number 7 or the Ottoman Empire (a.k.a., Turkish/Islamic Empire).

Moreover, since this eighth head or “Beast” empire will be a revival of the seventh head/empire, it is reasonable to infer that the Republic of Turkey will play a key role in end-time prophecy, simply because Istanbul (a.k.a., Constantinople/Byzantium) in Turkey, was the capital city of both the Byzantine Empire and the Ottoman Empire. NOTE:  the Republic of Turkey is no longer considered to be solely an eastern European nation, for today it is a country on the Eurasian supercontinent.

Concerning the eighth head or Beast empire, the Apostle John describes this presently rising Beast in several Scriptures found in Revelation. Here are a few of those Scriptures:

And then another Sign alongside the first: a huge and fiery Dragon! It had seven heads and ten horns, a crown on each of the seven heads. With one flick of its tail it knocked a third of the Stars from the sky and dumped them on earth. The Dragon crouched before the Woman in childbirth, poised to eat up the Child when it came. ~ Revelation 12:3-4, MSG


The ten horns you saw are ten kings, but they’re not yet in power. They will come to power with the Scarlet Beast, but won’t last long—a very brief reign. These kings will agree to turn over their power and authority to the Beast. They will go to war against the Lamb but the Lamb will defeat them, proof that he is Lord over all lords, King over all kings, and those with him will be the called, chosen, and faithful. ~ Revelation 17:12-14, MSG

Now, if superpower stature is measured by military, economic, political, and cultural criteria, as well as measured by a country’s landmass, population, well-developed nuclear capacity, and/or its strategic plan that might include the possibility of destroying the world, then several Arabic nations are (or on the threshold of becoming) superpowers. Case in point, most Muslim countries fit the military, economic, political, cultural, landmass, population criteria, and they have either already begun a nuclear program, or they have nuclear power plants under construction, or they will begin building nuclear plants this year. Indeed, Iran, Syria, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia,  are just a few Muslim countries that are rising superpowers.

Of the above-mentioned promising superpowers, Syria and Saudi Arabia are two of the Beast’s ten horns that are described by the psalmist Asaph. Asaph’s 10 future ruling powers are:

The tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites, of Moab and the Hagrites, Gebal and Ammon and Amalek, the Philistines, with the inhabitants of Tyre. Assyria also has joined with them; they have helped the children of Lot [the Ammonites and the Moabites] and have been an arm to them. Selah [pause, and calmly think of that]! ~ Psalm 83:6-8, AMP

Below are the ancient names, mentioned nearly 3,000 years ago by the Psalmist Asaph, along with their modern-day names:

1.  Tents of EDOM = [descendants of Esau], who today are Palestinian Refugees and Southern Jordanians

2.  ISHMAELITES = [descendants of Abraham and Hagar], who today are Lebanese, Syrians, Jordanians, Iraqis, North Africans (Libyans and Northern Sudanese), and Saudi Arabians, who, as Arabs, are said to be the only remaining peoples with Ishmaelite blood in them

3.  MOAB = [descendants of Lot], who today are Palestinian Refugees and Central Jordanians

4.  HAGRITES = [descendants of Abraham and Hagar], who today live in northern Jordan, east of Gilead

5.  BYBLOS/GEBAL = today’s Hezbollah and Northern Lebanese

6.  AMMON = [descendants of Lot], who today are Palestinian Refugees and Northern Jordanians

7.  AMALEK = today’s Arabs in Sinai Peninsula

8.  PHILISTIA/PHILLISTINES = today’s Palestinian Refugees and Hamas of Gaza Strip

9.  Inhabitants of TYRE = today’s Hezbollah and Southern Lebanese

10.  ASSYRIA = today’s Syrians, Turks, and Northern Iraqis

        —Children of Lot = MOAB and AMMON

NOTE: Psalm 83 (minus the three horns that are removed to make room for the Antichrist) plus the nations/peoples/areas mentioned in Ezekiel 38-39 are the ten toes on Nebuchadnezzar’s statue, which means the ten-nation confederacy that invades Israel, without a doubt, will be ONE invasion (Psalm 83 invasion and Ezekiel 38-39 invasion of Gog and Magog are the same invasion, which means some of Psalm 83 nations/peoples/areas are included in the “and many nations with you” of Ezekiel 38:15). Moreover, without a doubt, this ten-nation confederacy that invades Israel also will be the Revived Islamic Caliphate (see Mystery Babylon and A Revived Roman Empire Is Unlikely)!

Map of Ancient Phoenician *City-States Around 830 B.C.

The prophecies about the Lord destroying these ten horns (ten enemies of God and of His chosen people) will be completely fulfilled, but first, as already mentioned, three of these horns will rebel against the Little Horn (Antichrist) and he will dispose of them by taking away their authority and then dividing up (assigning, distributing) their lands, thereby making their people fugitives. Based on biblical prophecies, the three horns that the Antichrist uproots from their position of authority are, once again, Edom, Moab, and Ammon. The Prophet Daniel writes:

He shall enter into the Glorious Land [Palestine] and many shall be overthrown, but these shall be delivered out of his hand: Edom, Moab, and the main [core] of the people of Ammon. ~ Daniel 11:41, AMP

The above verse is speaking about the Antichrist, who recently has returned to the “Glorious Land,” specifically to Jerusalem, his headquarters. He came from Mecca where he destroyed the harlot of Babylon (Mecca), and burned her city and oil resources. He then went into the rebuilt Jewish Temple and declared himself to be like god, which has created much furor throughout Israel.

At this point, the peace treaty with Israel has been broken. Indeed, the Scriptures say that the Antichrist now has been “… permitted to wage war on God’s holy people (the saints) and to overcome them. And power was given him to extend his authority over every tribe and people and tongue and nation” (Revelation 13:7), which he soon does but not before he murders the two witnesses and leaves their dead bodies in Jerusalem’s street. The remnant Messianic Jews have started to flee to Petra for safety, where the remnant  Gentiles from Edom, Moab, and Ammon also have come.

Now, concerning the Gentile fugitives, the Prophet Isaiah writes:

Let our outcasts of Moab dwell among you; be a sheltered hiding place to them from the destroyer. When the extortion and the extortioner have been brought to nought, and destruction has ceased, and the oppressors and they who trample men are consumed and have vanished out of the land, Then in mercy and loving-kindness shall a throne be established, and One shall sit upon it in truth and faithfulness in the tent of David, judging and seeking justice and being swift to do righteousness. ~ Isaiah 16:4-5, AMP

Jesus the Christ prophesies about the flight of end time Messianic Jews, He says:

So when you see the appalling sacrilege [the abomination that astonishes and makes desolate], spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing in the Holy Place–let the reader take notice and ponder and consider and heed [this]–Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains; Let him who is on the housetop not come down and go into the house to take anything; And let him who is in the field not turn back to get his overcoat. And alas for the women who are pregnant and for those who have nursing babies in those days! Pray that your flight may not be in winter or on a Sabbath. For then there will be great tribulation (affliction, distress, and oppression) such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now–no, and never will be [again]. And if those days had not been shortened, no human being would endure and survive, but for the sake of the elect (God’s chosen ones) those days will be shortened. ~ Matthew 24:15-22; cf. Luke 21:20-23.

Lastly, Apostle John writes about the Messianic Jews who flee to a desert place of safety (in Petra) where they are taken care of for a certain amount of time. He writes, “And the woman [herself] fled into the desert (wilderness), where she has a retreat prepared [for her] by God, in which she is to be fed and kept safe for 1,260 days (42 months; three and one-half years)” ~ Revelation 12:6, AMP.

Certainly, Isaiah 16:4-5 specifically is about the Moabite fugitives, a remnant of Gentile people who live in harmony with the remnant Messianic Jews (Matthew 24:15-22; Revelation 12:6), who help their old nemesis. However, as mentioned earlier, Jordan always has represented a place of refuge and safety for all people. That is why it stands to reason that during the last 3½ years of the Tribulation Period the remnant of Israel will find refuge from the Antichrist in Petra, which is located in Edom, now Southern Jordan. It also stands to reason that some time after the Messianic Jews, the surviving Tribulation saints, find safety in Petra that the remnant Ammonites (those outcasts who once gave refuge to King David, his family, and his military escorts), come there for peace and safety, too. The remnant Edomites, however, probably were already there, and, thus, they no doubt are the ones who permit the Messianic Jews entrance into Petra, for, again, Petra is in Edom!

Once the Tribulation Period is over, however, and Jesus the Christ destroys the Antichrist, peace and safety for the hiding survivors of the Tribulation Period also will be over. As promised, the Lord will judge the Tribulation survivors, which includes the remnant Edomites, Moabites, and Ammonites, and He will deal with them accordingly. Judgment will result in an even smaller amount of these populations who will be left standing in the presence of the Lord. The Prophet Isaiah writes:

But now the Lord has spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of a hireling [who will not serve longer than the allotted time], the glory of Moab shall be brought into contempt, in spite of all his mighty multitudes of people; and the remnant that survives will be very small, feeble, and of no account. ~ Isaiah 16:14, AMP

As this Scripture indicates, not only the remnant Moabites but also the remnant Edomites and Ammonites become fugitives living in Petra, along with the Messianic Jews who flee from the wrath of the Antichrist/Dragon of Revelation 12, and the Gentiles stay there for at least 3 years. However, God’s Word is very clear about the pride/glory of Moab being the reason why many of these tribulation survivors receive judgment after Armageddon is over. For sure, it stands to reason that judgment also will come to the people of Edom and Ammon, as well as all of the surviving people from the world’s rebelling nations.

The Prophet Isaiah describes this wrath of God, as God coming from Edom with His robe stained in the blood of His enemies (cf. Isaiah 63:1-3). Furthermore, Jeremiah 25:15-33 confirms this bloody image, when he addresses those populations who will receive the cup (wine) of God’s wrath—the cup filled with blood. Those who specifically will drink from the cup of God’s wrath, which is His end-time judgment, are:

Pharaoh king of Egypt, his servants, his princes, all his people, And all the mixed foreign population; all the kings of the land of Uz; and all the kings of the land of the Philistines and [their cities of] Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod; Edom, Moab, and the children of Ammon; All the kings of Tyre, all the kings of Sidon, and the kings of the islands and the coastlands across the [Mediterranean] Sea; Dedan, Tema, Buz [neighboring tribes north of Arabia], and all who clip off the corners of their hair and beards; All the kings of Arabia and all the kings of the mixed foreign people who dwell in the desert; All the kings of Zimri, all the kings of Elam (Persia), and all the kings of Media; All the kings of the north, far and near, one after another–and all the kingdoms of the world which are on the face of the earth. And after them the king of Sheshach (Babel or Babylon) shall drink. ~ Jeremiah 25:19-26, AMP; cf. Isaiah 34:1-11 (underlining is this writer’s emphasis)

Additionally, once Armageddon is over, and the Tribulation survivors are then gathered around the Lord’s throne, more judgment is given. This time, Jesus the Christ judges by separating the sheep from the goats, and the chaff from the wheat. Thus, any surviving Edomites, Moabites, and Ammonites, who only pretended to accept Jesus the Christ as Lord and Savior so that they could get into a safe place on earth, will be those individuals who also will drink the cup of God’s wrath, this time His final judgment, which is eternal punishment in the Lake of Fire! Indeed, even the Antichrist/Beast, False Prophet, and Dragon/Satan will meet their final end there (cf. wheat from tares in Matthew 13:36-42; and sheep from goats in Matthew 25:31-46; Antichrist/Beast and False Prophet’s end in Revelation 19:20; and Dragon/Satan’s end in Revelation 20:10).

In contrast, those remnant Edomites, Moabites, and Ammonites who truly embraced the King of Israel and became companions of the remnant of Israel will enter into the Lord’s millennial kingdom (e.g., similar to how Ruth, a Moabite who made the choice to befriend Naomi and the choice to serve the God of Israel. As a result, she not only is saved from destruction but also she is given a place in Jesus the Christ’s lineage, as King David’s great grandmother).

Lastly, even though the Little Horn, ten horns, and other Tribulation nations/populations might survive the Tribulation Period, this good news will be trumped by the bad news that the saints will be separated from the ain’ts! For sure, Jesus the Christ keeps His promise to judge all of the Tribulation survivors before He sets up His 1,000-year kingdom. Thus, no one who is left behind, after the Rapture, is completely SAFE from eternal damnation.

For this reason, it is expedient that everyone who is now living on this side of the Rapture, and who does not happen to be a child of God who has accepted Jesus the Christ as Lord and Savior, should take this moment to secure his or her eternal soul. Everyone’s soul, including the souls of those people who have suffered a physical death, will live on eternally in one of two places: 1. in the presence of God, or 2. from the presence of God, eternally tormented in the Lake of Fire. Time is moving swiftly, and soon the world will be under the reign of the Beast with seven heads and ten horns. As Joshua says, “…choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve…” (Joshua 24:15, AMP)!